Ta`an Kwach`an Council Final Agreement

White River First Nation, Ross River Dena Council and Liard First Nation are the remaining Yukon First Nations that have not entered into agreements. On January 13, 2002, the Ta`an Kwach`an Council, together with Her Majesty, the Queen of Canadian Law and the Government of Yukon, entered into an agreement that recognizes the right of the Ta`an Kwach`an Council to inherit and affirms that it governs itself and its countries. With the arrival of the Department of Indian Affairs, the Ta`an Kwach`an Council was admitted to the Whitehorse Indian Band, a group of all First Nations living in the general territory of Whitehorse. It was not until 1998 that the First Nation finally regained its independence and became a recognized Indian group under the Department of Indian Affairs. Since then, the Ta`an Kwach`an have been actively involved in the negotiation of their land and are currently in the process of reaching an agreement. The Ta`an took a traditional direction by choosing a hereditary chief and governing the First Nation through a family clan system. The Ta`an Kwach`an Council signed a Claims Agreement in Yukon Country in 2002. On January 13, 2002, negotiations for a broad focal claim with the governments of Canada and Yukons signed their autonomy and self-management agreements. The traditional area of Ta`an Kwach`on covers about 12,079 km2, of which 796 km2 are designated as residential areas. negotiations between Yukon First Nations and the Government of Canada; and later with the Yukon government for the next 20 years, until the final Umbrella Agreement was signed in 1993. This document served as the basis for the final agreements and self-management that would follow immediately and in the years to come. The Ta`an Kwach`an signed their contracts in 2002, one hundred years after Chief Boss`s letter. The framework agreement is the framework in which 11 of Yukon`s 14 First Nations have reached a final agreement on claims settlement.

All provisions relating to the final agreement are part of any final First Nation agreement. The Ta`an Kwach`an Council is one of Yukon`s First Nations, which can prove their long-standing claim to the federal government. Chief Jim Boss wrote a letter to the general uprist for Indian affairs in Ottawa in 1902, with the help of a lawyer, stating that Yukon First Nations needed an agreement because of the loss of land and the exhaustion of the game with the gold rush and subsequent settlement of accounts by foreigners. At that time, the Ta`an received a small reserve in their traditional area of Lake Lebergesee. Boss`s vision finally culminated with the start of negotiations decades later, in 1973. On January 13, 2002, the Ta`an Kw-ch`n Council signed its final self-management agreement and became the Autonomous First Nation on April 1, 2002.