A highlight of 2009 was the conclusion of an agricultural agreement between the EU and Israel. On 4 November 2009, the EC and Israel signed the new agreement on reciprocal liberalisation measures for agricultural products, processed agricultural products, fish and fishery products. It entered into force on 1 January 2010. Israel reacted to the move by saying it would not sign future agreements with the EU until it «clarified» its position that no Israeli organization can cooperate with ties beyond the Green Line or receive EU funds.  As regards competition (Article 17), the Agreement lays down provisions on cooperation and exchange of information with a view to ensuring and facilitating the application of the competition law of the parties. Negotiations for the opening of a new agricultural trade between the EU and Israel were concluded in 2008 and the agreement has been in force since January 2010. Consultation is the fundamental mechanism for resolving disputes between FTA partners. The Agreement shall entail that the Parties shall endeavour to resolve any disputes between them concerning the interpretation and application of the Agreement by direct consultations and, where appropriate, by consultations within the Joint Committee. In cases where consultations have not resulted in a satisfactory solution, the parties may resume arbitration (Article 25 bis). Annex VIII (Annex VIII) defines the establishment and functioning of the Tribunal. The agreement with Israel provides for free trade agreements for industrial goods and concession agreements for trade in agricultural products (a new agreement entered into force here in 2004) and opens up the prospect of further liberalization of trade in agricultural services and goods from 2005.
The agreement offers Israeli researchers, universities and businesses full access to the Horizon 2020 programme. The agreement stipulates, inter alia, that respect for human rights and democratic principles guides the domestic and international policies of both Israel and the EU and is an essential and positive element of the agreement. At Israel`s request, there is a joint statement on the importance that both sides attach to the fight against xenophobia, anti-Semitism and racism. The main legal relations between Israel and the EU are defined in the 1995 Association Agreement.  Several other agreements concern sectoral issues. From a bilateral point of view, following a cooperation agreement in 1975, an association agreement entered into force in 2000, providing for a privileged economic, commercial, technological and research status between the parties. .