Troubled, Washington decided that in the future it would send written communications on treaties, thus setting the precedent followed by all his successors. In Goldwater v. Carter, Congress questioned the constitutionality of then-President Jimmy Carter`s unilateral denunciation of a defense treaty. The case went to the Supreme Court and was never heard; A majority of six judges decided that the case should be dismissed without a hearing and stated that «the matter in question. was essentially a political issue and could not be verified by the court, as Congress had not issued a formal objection. In his opinion, Justice Brennan stated: «The question of decision-making power must be resolved as a question of constitutional law, not as political discretion; It therefore falls within the jurisdiction of the courts. At present, the Supreme Court has not formally ruled on the president`s power to break a treaty without Congressional approval, and the courts also refused to get involved when President George W. Bush unilaterally withdrew the United States from the ballistic missile treaty in 2002, six months after giving the necessary memorandum of understanding.  In international law, a treaty is a treaty of any legally binding agreement between states (countries). . . .